Shabbat 91b: Talmudic Toys

January 14, 2013 By: Rabbi Jay Kelman
It seems that the toy industry in Talmudic times was quite different than the one we have today. Lacking the technological gizmos so popular today, Talmudic toys were much more attuned to the world of nature. “If one carries a live pure (kosher) grasshopper, it is any size; if it’s dead, the size of a dried fig” (Shabbat 91b). The Talmud meticulously details on an almost item-by-item basis how much one need carry to violate the prohibition of...
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Shabbat 89b: Yitzchak to the Rescue

January 10, 2013 By: Rabbi Jay Kelman
Abraham is the founding father of Judaism, Yaakov is the founding father of the Jewish people, and Yitzchak is the link between them. His role was that of consolidator, enabling Abraham’s’ revolutionary ideas to survive to the next generation. He is the quiet link, allowing others to shine in the spotlight. Yet, in a fascinating passage, the Talmud (89b) describes how Yitzchak was the one who came to the rescue of the Jewish people.“For You are...
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Shabbat 89a: Sinai and Sin'ah

January 08, 2013 By: Rabbi Jay Kelman
Years ago, I heard Dennis Prager note that, while the Talmud spends six double-sided folio pages discussing the permissibility of eating an egg laid on Yom Tov, the Talmudic discussion of anti-Semitism consists of about three lines. Our great sages were concerned about how Jews are meant to live their lives, not what our enemies think of us. For the Talmud, the answer to the age-old question of anti-Semitism was as simple as it was profound. “...
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Shabbat 75: Sewing and Science

December 26, 2012 By: Rabbi Jay Kelman
It is the 39 melachot that define the observance of Shabbat. Yet a listing of the melachot does not appear until midway through the seventh chapter of masechet Shabbat, and for many melachot, the discussion lasts no more than a few lines. In discussing the prohibition of sewing, the Talmud records the teaching of Rav Zutra ben Tobiah in the name of Rav that if one pulls a thread to tie together two pieces of clothing, he must bring a sin...
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Shabbat 63: Battle Clothes

December 16, 2012 By: Rabbi Jay Kelman
The sixth chapter of Shabbat begins with the issue of what ornaments a woman—and to a lesser extent, a man—may or may not wear on Shabbat in a place with no eiruv. The Sages feared that, upon meeting people in the street, one might take off the ornament in order to show it to one’s friend, and inadvertently violate the prohibition of carrying on Shabbat. Thus, for example, the Mishnah forbids a woman to wear a “City of Gold”, a beautiful piece...
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